Procrastination. We have all been culprits of this from time to time. I have certainly been guilty of putting off cleaning out the loft, until suddenly it became the most important job in the world when I had to write an important bid with a tight deadline!
I joke as if procrastination is trivial, but when a student is perpetually procrastinating to the point of self – sabotage it is a serious matter. So why do they/we do it?
Dr Joseph Ferrari identifies three basic types of procrastinators:
- Thrill seekers – those who wait to the last minute for the euphoric rush.
- Avoiders – those who may be avoiding the fear of failure, or even the fear of success. In either case, they are concerned more about what others think of them and would rather have people think they lack effort than ability.
- Decisional procrastinators- those who simply cannot make a decision!
This can be born out of various reasons from die - hard family habits to an act of rebellion. Nevertheless, all are avoiding an act that may being about some emotional discomfort about making meaningful changes to our lives.
For me, it was the potential of life - altering funding resulting in success or failure. For our students, it is the potential to rise or fall in their exams and what this could potentially mean for their future.
By electing to put off today what can be done tomorrow we are effectively selling ourselves short. How can we as teachers, help students to stop procrastinating and start working?
Here are our 6 strategies to help end procrastination and motivate students to get cracking!
1. Start With The End Point
A great goal - setting exercise for students is to draw an archery target board. In the bull's eye students write their ultimate goal and a deadline. For example, in 2022 I want to be a qualified hairdresser. In the outer rings, students write the steps that will help them reach their end point.
This will help them see the bigger picture of schools and exams whilst breaking down their dream into a tangible target.
2. Challenge Unhelpful Assumptions
When procrastinating we justify our behavior to make ourselves feel better. For example…
The best way to challenge these unhelpful conclusions is to see if they are really valid. Are they based on evidence or fact, or are they assumptions?
Work students through their assumptions and encourage them to create new conclusions like this one…
3. Swap Critical Self - Talk with Motivational Self - Talk
The cycle of procrastination can be a toxic, vicious cycle. We lie to ourselves to make us feel better, and then when we become overwhelmed with stress we beat ourselves up for wasting time. Work with students to find their common self – criticisms and how they can change this into something positive, kind and motivational. Here’s an example;
Notice how the motivational talk separates behavior of procrastinating from their personal qualities. It also focuses on what can be achieved going forward, rather than dwelling on what hasn’t been done.
Writing a ‘to do’ list is hugely therapeutic but the next step many miss is prioritizing each goal, from 1 – 10 from what is most urgent and important. This means students start on what is critical, rather than what they feel like doing instead!
5. Build Accountability
Partner with colleagues, parents and carers to create a‘Personal Board of Advisors’ to keep students focused and on track. This shouldn’t be a nag feast (remember procrastination can be an act of rebellion) but a supportive board that can listen, support, and encourage when the going gets tough.
6. Reward Progress
In change psychology rewarding short – term wins are paramount to changing patterns and behaviours. If students see progress quickly then they will be motivated to continue even more vigorously than before! Set up a reward system to celebrate the small successes. This can be as simple as saying, “I’m proud of you,” to lunch with the Headteacher as recognition, or a school outing.
Changing behaviour and habits will take time, practice, persistence and patience. Expect good days, bad days and some setbacks but don’t stop trying it will be worth it on result day!
To give students a massive motivational push find out more about our workshops here.